University of Physical Education, Kraków/Poland
Defined as the ability of attributing mental states to oneself and others and understanding the differences of their various insights, the theory of mind (ToM) is currently believed to be the crucial condition concerning human body development. The lack ToM capabilities indicates the cognitive and developmental disturbances that may occur in case of autism, when primarily the neurological and somatic impairments, along the social deficits, manifest themselves in the variety of the posture's deformities and movement disorders.
When taking into account the Yale School of Medicine view of autistic spectrum as connected with PDD-NOS, which symptoms refer in some cases to atypical autism, while in the others do not meet the autistic features, one can see the scale of the challenges in the undertaken process of therapy with autistic patients, that complementarily includes physical rehabilitation.
Thus, the ways of the successive proceedings of the stated long and short term goals of physical rehabilitation in autism have to suit the individual needs of each patient and give the clear perspective for achieving good treatment results. Therefore, the professional therapists' experiences and solid knowledge are the required in their work. The stable methods implemented in the core rehabilitation space, such as Kabat-Kaiser's PNF or a newer Souchard's global posture re-education meet the demands devoted to realizing the therapeutic tasks in autism. Nevertheless, it is valuable to remind the rehabilitation in autism that has their roots in Frenkel's and Lovet's basic works is a still valid basis for the modern works.