International Research Center for Renewable Energy, Xi'an Jiaotong Tra University, Xi'an 710049, Shaanxi, China
Nanotechnology is offering unprecedented tools to medicine over the last few years. The extensive use of nanoparticles for therapy and/or diagnostics has unveiled a new generation of nano-biomaterials for medical applications. The general trend is now towards the development of bioactive rather than bio-inert materials, with materials directly triggering or participating to cellular reaction pathways. Nanostructured oxides play also an important role in this scenario, and not only as inert materials as one would expect. Recently, cerium oxide nanoparticles (nanoceria) have been reported to show outstanding biomedical activity, acting as well tolerated anti-age and anti-inflammatory agents . The search for reliable and effective antioxidant therapy is a focus of current pharmacological research, since many serious diseases imply oxidative stress. Potential pharmacological applications of nanoceria are proposed due to redox changes in the Ce oxidation state (Ce4+/Ce3+) that trigger the abatement of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), hindering the oxidative stress cytotoxic effects . However, the understanding of the nanoceria biological antioxidant mechanisms is at an early stage and controversial results are reported in the literature.
This talk will summarize our recent studies on the antioxidant effects of nanoceria. It was found that nanoceria reduce the oxidative status and the extent of damage-induced apoptosis, in various cellular systems, including cardiac progenitor cells, subjected to various oxidative stresses [3-5].
Keywords: Magnetic nanoparticles, deep cancer treatment, magnetic hyperthermia.
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